Andrew Jackson

Born in a log cabin on the western frontier of Tennessee, Andrew Jackson was the 7th president of the United States. Jackson was a first-generation American. In 1824, he was one of the four presidential candidates. The election ended up going to the House of Representatives and Jackson lost to John Quincy Adams. The result of the 1824 election caused the split of the Republican Party. Adams became the leader of the National Republicans and Jackson became the leader of the Democratic Republicans, who later became Democrats. For the next four years, Jackson worked on gaining popularity for the 1828 election. He easily won the election and used his power in a way no president had before. He served from 1829–1837.

Jackson was elected in the election of 1828. He ran for president in 1824 as well as 1828, but during the election, there was said to be a corrupt bargain between Henry Clay and John Quincy Adams. Jackson had received the greatest amount of popular votes but still lost to Adams. After the election, he set out for revenge against Adams and Clay.

Adams was a fairly unpopular president because of the conflict over the corrupt bargain, and in the election of 1828, Jackson received the most votes by a long shot.

Jackson’s Inauguration

Once Jackson moved into the White House, he opened the door to his followers from the West. Westerners were known to have increasingly wild behavior because the laws were not enforced here and the land was still developing. By the end of the party, the White House was thoroughly damaged and the citizens were horrified when they heard of the event. The Westerners were drunk and had literally been jumping off the railings and swinging from the chandeliers.

Jackson’s Ideas-The New Age

During Jackson’s term, he sued such ideas as suffrage, and “rotating in office.” This was the idea of rotating political followers between the government jobs, or according to William Marcy, senator of New York, “to the victor belongs the spoils.” Jackson believed in using all of his power and was thought to be a strenuous executive. In fact, during his term, he vetoed 12 bills for “political reasons.”

Jackson established a tariff, although it angered the south. The south soon came up with the idea of nullification, which was the right of the states to declare a new bill null and void. John C. Calhoun also agreed with this idea: he wrote the book South Carolina Exposition and Protest. This was a threat to Jackson’s power, so he came up with a compromise: Clay would pass a lower rate tariff, and the Senate passed the “Force Bill.” The Force Bill allowed Jackson to use the navy and the army to uphold federal law. The South accepted the compromise.

Another of Jackson’s compromises was the Maysville Road Veto. This concerned a bill passed by Congress to buy a $150, 000 stock with the Maysville Road Company. Jackson vetoed the bill, upsetting the West. Jackson also believed in a limited power of the bank. He set out to destroy the Second Bank of the United States because he thought paper money was worthless. Congress then produced the Renewal Bill. Clay thought that if Jackson vetoed this bill, he would be even more unpopular. Despite Clay’s assumption, Jackson vetoed the bill and was still reelected for a second term as president. To accomplish his goal of destroying the bank and demolishing its power, Jackson removed the Federal government deposits from the National bank and instead put them in various state banks. These banks were called pet banks. They printed their own bank notes but ignored their amount of specie. Specie was the amount of gold and silver coins. The bank notes helped increase land speculation, or buying land to sell at a large profit. Then, on July 1836, Jackson approved the “Specie Circular,” which stated that only land owners could us paper money and everyone else had to use gold or silver. This eventually led to a depression. After Jackson’s resignation, his ideas were still used by other presidents.



Andrew Jackson

By 3rd grader Carrie

Andrew Jackson was the 7th president. He was president from 1829-1837. His terms were eight years. He was nicknamed "Old Hickory" for his toughness. He is also on the 20 dollar bill.

Andrew was the first president to be born in a log cabin. He was born on March 15, 1767 in South Carolina. His family was poor. Andrew was unschooled. Andrew Jackson married Rachel Donelson in August of 1791. He and Rachel adopted a boy and named him Andrew Jackson Jr. When Andrew Jackson (the elder) was a little older, while he was president, he raised other children whose parents couldn't take care of them.

While Andrew was president, South Carolina wanted to leave the United States. Jackson wouldn't let the state go. Some people think it's because he lived there in his childhood. Andrew's presidency was marked by a battle with the Bank of the United States, which was ruined by withdrawing federal money and putting it in state banks.

Before Andrew Jackson became president he was a military leader, a governor and a lawyer. He was also a judge (for six years), a senator and a Congressman. After Andrew was president he worked for the annexation near Nashville which he and Rachel named the Hermitage. Andrew died on June 18, 1845 at age 78.

Andrew Jackson was one of the founders of the Democratic party. He had a high pitched voice. Andrew had to marry Rachel twice because her divorce from her first husband had not been finalized in time for the first wedding to be legal. Andrew had a parrot named Poll. Because Andrew was a military leader, he had two bullets in him. One was removed and the other was too close to his heart to remove. This caused him pain. When Andrew was in his old days, after he was president, he had one functioning lung and a blind eye. Andrew's last words were, "Oh, do not cry. Be good children and we shall meet in heaven." And that is president Andrew Jackson's life.