The comparison of the economy the north and south
The north was almost all industry because of the industrial growth, unlike the south that depended on slavery. Northerners were supporters for a free society. The northern men worked for social position, while the southerners were intended to a specific life based on where they were born. Slavery was a part of life in the south but, in the north, slavery was not an option socially, or economically. The north had over five times more factories as the south. Only 384,000 out of 1.6 million white families owned slaves.
The invention of the cotton gin made the slave owners hungry for more slaves. The cotton industry was a machine of growth for all the nations economy. Tariffs were another thing that broke the north from the south. Southern Congressmen opposed the federal government raising tariffs because low tariffs would benefit the southern economy, for they were major importers. But, the Northern Congressmen supported it because it would make imported goods more expensive, so it would seem products in the north were cheaper then other countries products. The economic tension between the north and south is a great factor to political tensions. The end of the war began the beginning of the United States growth, economically, also as a united nation.

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The society in the American Civil War was very different from our society today. In the south, many of the plantations thrived in their slaves. The landowners of the time would hold Major house parties frequently in the summer. At the same time as using their slaves in horrid ways, the south had so little compared to the North. The north was against slavery, and even without slaves they still prospered. The north had many more weapons and places of safety and shelter then the south did. Also the north used the form of telegrams, which the south did not use. All in all The society in the south looked better for parties and always was wearing the latest fashion, but the North’s society helped them win the war.

The Civil War
The Civil War

Treatment of African-Americans

Treatment in the South-
Most of the African-Americans in the south were slaves. Most worked in the fields with heavy labor from dawn past dust. Others worked as cooks, carpenters, blacksmiths, house servants, or nursemaids.
Treatment in the North-
The North had put a stop to slavery however African-Americans still were not treated like the white people. They could not vote, hold office, serve on juries, or attend white churches and schools.


There were many people who approved of slavery but there also were some who despised it. Those people were called abolitionists. They would write songs, speeches and do all they could to end slavery.

Advantages and Disadvantages of the North and South in the Civil War


ž Industrial region (factories to produce supplies)
ž Food production
ž Strong central government
ž Large population (23 million)
ž Had 2/3 of the railroad tracks
ž Clear purpose for fighting the Union
ž Defensive war
ž Strong generals and military traditions


ž Offensive war
ž No clear purpose for fighting
ž Weak generals and military leaders
ž Agricultural region (not many resources for supplies)
ž Cash crops (not crops for food)
ž Small population (9 million)
ž Less than 1/3 of the railroad tracks


In the North and the South both had a lot of the same transportations, only the South had fewer transportations. Both of them had railroads, steamboats, and riverboats. The South used mostly wagons, horses , and mules to get around. The North also horses, wagons, and walked places, because the north had roads they could walk on. Unlike the North the South had very few roads most of them were dirt if that. The South only exported to England and the North. In the North they exported to many different places in the world, because of the amount of ships the North had on their side. The South only had one railroad going from Richmond to Mississippi. The North on the other hand had many different routes going from east to the west.