James Monroe was the fifth president of the United States who served from 1817-1825. He was a Republican.

One of the things that is most remembered about James Monroe is the "Monroe Doctrine." The Monroe doctrine was a statement made by President Monroe that was directed to Europe. It was a warning that said that Europe couldn't think of the Americas as "a land for future colonization." They weren't allowed to come to the Americas and start colonizing in lands that belonged to the United States or somewhere else and then claim it as their own. They must stay away from the Americas.

This doctrine wasn't well respected by the European countries but the American people were very proud of this statement. A sense of nationalism was growing in the people. They were proud that their home was starting to be recognized as an independent country.